Mao Tse-tung, Hunan Xiangtan people. December 26, 1893 was born in a peasant family. 1911 Revolution after the outbreak of the intifada, a new army for half a year when the soldier. 1914 ~ 1918, the first Normal School in Hunan Province to study. Before graduation, he organized Xinmin Society of revolutionary groups and other organizations with Cai Hesen. 54 before and after exposure and acceptance of Marxism, 1920, the communist organization created in Hunan. In July 1921 to attend the first founding the Chinese Communist Party National Congress, served as secretary of the CPC Hunan district committees, leadership Changsha, Anyuan labor movement and other places. Kuomintang-Communist cooperation in 1924 after the KMT's first, the second National Congress were elected as alternate member of the Central Executive had been in Guangzhou, deputy minister of the KMT's Central Propaganda Department, editor of "Political Weekly", hosted the sixth peasant movement The. In November 1926 has published "an analysis of various classes of Chinese society," "Investigation Report on the Peasant Movement in Hunan" and other works.
Kuomintang-Communist cooperation would break up completely later, in August 1927 an emergency meeting of the CPC Central Committee, he proposed "regime obtained from the barrel of a gun", that is the revolutionary armed forces to seize power of thought, and was elected alternate member of the Central Political Bureau. After the meeting, to Hunan and Jiangxi border led the Autumn Harvest Uprising. Then the rate of the uprising forces the Jinggangshan, launching the agrarian revolution, the creation of the first rural revolutionary base area. In 1928, with Zhu De led by mutinous troops joined forces to set up worker-peasant revolutionary army (soon renamed the Red Army) Fourth Army, he served as party delegates, secretary of the Front Committee, Zhu De as commander. Him as the main representative of the Chinese Communists, from the reality of China, the KMT regime is relatively weak rural development in armed struggle, created by encircling the cities from rural areas and finally to seize political power of cities and the country roads. From the end of 1930 onwards, with Zhu De led Red Army defeated the Kuomintang's repeated "encirclement and suppression." Wang Ming, the representative of the "Left" line leadership group entered the central revolutionary base, and will be excluded from the Party and the Red Army of Mao Zedong's leadership things, they perform different strategies and policies, resulting in the fifth against "encirclement and suppression" war defeat. In October 1934 to participate in Red Army march. March the way, in January 1935 the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau held an enlarged meeting in Guizhou Province (i.e., the Zunyi Meeting), represented by Mao Zedong established a new central leadership. In October, the CPC Central Committee and the Red Army arrived in northern Shaanxi, the end of March.
Anti-Japanese War began, the CPC Central Committee headed by Mao Zedong adhere to the principle of independence in the united front efforts to mobilize the masses to carry out guerrilla warfare behind enemy lines to establish a number of large anti-Japanese base areas. In October 1938, the PRC expanded the Sixth Plenary Session of the Sixth, "Marxism in China," the guiding principle. In 1942, the leadership of the party to carry out rectification campaign to correct the subjectivism and sectarianism, so that the whole party to further understand the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism and the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, combining the basic direction, in order to capture the victory of Anti-Japanese War and the National Revolutionary laid the ideological foundation. In 1943, the leadership of the production base to carry out military and civilian movement through serious economic difficulties. In the same year in March, was elected Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau. In 1945, the Seventh CPC National Congress hosted as "On Coalition Government" report. Mao Zedong Thought in the General Assembly has been identified as the CPC's guiding ideology. He from the Seventh Plenary Session of a death date until 1976 has served as Chairman of the CPC Central Committee.
October 1, 1949, The People's Republic of China established, he was elected Chairman of the Central People's Government. In 1954, the first session of the National People's Congress adopted its first meeting chaired by him had drafted a "Constitution of the PRC", he was elected at this meeting the first President of The People's Republic of China, to serve until 1959. From the winter of 1960 to 1965, He is the head of the CPC Central Committee, under the leadership of the national economy and the implementation of "adjustment, consolidation, enrichment and improve" approach, initially correct "Great Leap Forward" and the people's commune movement in the wrong, so that the national economy to reach a more rapid recovery and development.
In 1966, due to the situation in the domestic class struggle, has made extreme estimates, he launched the "Cultural Revolution" campaign, this movement due to Lin Biao and Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary groups manipulated the two have become especially violent, much more than he expected, and his control, as well as continuation of a decade, so that many aspects of China's severe damage and loss.
His major works income "Selected Works of Mao Zedong" (V).